Sunday, November 13, 2022

Sunday, October 30, 2022

Michael Butterworth on Ebi Robert, Ebi Robert on Fantasy in Nigeria

Here are some lines from a conversation between Michael Butterworth and Ebi Robert about Mr. Robert’s new novel, The Creed of the Oracles

Michael Butterworth writes:

I finished reading your book just after your email arrived, and I'm impressed. You have created a convincing world/mythology. The names of things and people -- always difficult to get right -- are really very believable, like in a Moorcock, Leiber or Edgar Rice Burroughs novel. The narrative carried me along: I wanted to know what happened next, at least. It will be interesting to see how you take the story in your promised sequel. There were many small details, also, which also appealed. I will mention just one: the horse Bester. A reference to Alfred Bester, the writer? Anyway, it is a good name for a horse! A pity Bester is an old horse, as he and Erecious, the latter brought out of retirement, should definitely ride again. I'm anticipating your two dwarf characters will be the sidekicks. They should be. 


A surprise was the strong swords and sorcery element, which dawned only gradually. The Bones Banez illustration was a big clue, though at first I didn't see the connection.


Is heroic fantasy a popular genre in Nigeria, or SF/fantasy generally?

Ebi Robert responds:

No. It's not a popular genre in Nigeria. Only a few writers in Nigeria are looking towards that direction. 

Generally, fantasy as a genre is not completely new to Nigerian writers. We've had some writers do some work in speculative fiction. However, I can say that we can be easily counted or numbered. Heroic fantasy or high fantasy is not popular in Nigeria. To a very large extent, some writers have seen fantasy as a western brand. Some others believe that we've got so many stories over here that are still untapped, so why write about something that is not there in the first place?

Many Nigerian writers busy themselves with talking and writing about contemporary issues that they feel affect them. Corruption, bad governance, politics, democracy, slavery, colonialism, and many more are some of the issues before us. Recently, issues like climate change, domestic violence, and oil theft are beginning to take centre stage. 


I believe writers hardly consider fantasising because they have so much to write about and talking about them will expose those themes or subject matters to the outside world. Put another way, there are so many vices facing our society that must be spoken about. So seeing a writer engage in world-building in this part of the world is rare, very rare, I must say.


But I'm bold to say that it's somewhat of an emerging genre. Heroic or high fantasy is not just any genre that anyone can write overnight. It takes a whole lot of creativity and hard work to achieve just one. In addition to the above, this aspect is a contributory factor.


But there have been some attempts in other areas of speculative fiction, such as science fiction, and maybe, relatively speaking, what I can classify as low fantasy, if there is any sub-genre like that. What I mean is that such imaginative work is not really an out-of-this-world thing. A few such works are mostly centred on Planet Earth, with settings in known places but with characters having some supernatural abilities.


A renowned Nigerian professor in the field of literature once described my works as experimental, and I think I agree with his opinion. I have always looked forward to doing something rarely done, something rarely considered—writing something original. It is this desire to tell my story in what I considered to be an unconventional way that led to me adopting this approach. The Creed of the Oracles is not just a fantasy; it doubles as an allegory.

I should add that it is the experimental aspect that originally attracted me to the novel. The language and the culture of legal scholarship that Mr. Robert has invented represents a fusion of culture, law (Mr. Robert is an attorney in Nigeria), and the procedures of a strange Medieval guild—all cleverly imagined.


Please click HERE to view the Amazon sales page for The Creed of the Oracles.

Thursday, October 27, 2022

Wednesday, October 26, 2022

International Authors in Seoul

A picture just came across my desk of International Authors editorial board members Vitasta Raina and Horace Jeffery Hodges. Ms. Raina is in Seoul for meetings, and she took the opportunity to visit Professor Hodges and his family.

Vitasta Raina is the author of the novella Writer's Block, and Horace Jeffery Hodges is the author of a collection of poems, Radiant Snow--both published by International Authors. Please note that Ms. Raina designed the cover of Prof. Hodges' collection.

Click the titles to view the Amazon sales pages.

Sunday, September 18, 2022

The Creed of the Oracles by Ebi Robert has been Published

On behalf of International Authors I am happy to announce Ebi Robert's novel The Creed of the Oracles has been published.

Erecious is a freeman of HEH, one of the countries in the Veriverse. Though an Oracle, he is eager to help freemen from the sinister actions of the vil-beings and the corrupted Oracles of HEH. To protect the freemen, Erecious takes up the challenge to fulfil the test to become a demi-god. But little does he know that he has an identity unknown to him—an identity known to the gods. He now must fight these same gods. Can Erecious, son of Gar, win this battle against the six forces of the Veriverse?
Please click HERE (or click the cover image) to visit the Amazon sales page.






Ebi Robert is a Barrister and Solicitor of the Supreme Court of Nigeria in the City of Yenagoa, in Bayelsa State. He practices law at F.B.A. Nabena & Co. and also serves as a Probono Lecturer at the Faculty of Law, Niger Delta University, where he assists in teaching Cybercrime Law and International Law. He has published extensively in the field of Law. His poems have been published around the world in anthologies, journals and ezines. He has published two plays: An Empty Kingdom and Zige. The Creed of the Oracles is his first novel. Website:

Note: The book features an illustration by painter Bienvenido Bones Banez, Jr. Please click HERE for more information about Mr. Banez.

Monday, July 18, 2022


I am advising Ebi Robert as he prepares his new novel The Creed of the Oracles. Making a proof copy soon. Ebi is publishing his new book with International Authors.

Also, I'm helping Horace Jeffery Hodges prepare a new edition of The Bottomless Bottle of Beer. The novella originally appeared in Emanations: Second Sight, and then was published by Terrance Lindall. Jeffery is publishing the new edition with International Authors.

Finally, I've revised Tally-Ho, Cornelius!, and the revised text is up on Amazon. I've given the novel a thorough copy-edit, and there are twenty or so "very gentle" creative edits. After editing Emanations, I am much better at copy-editing, and, I suppose, better at writing fiction.

If you haven't seen it yet, have a look at Samuel Sanders' Amazon review; it's the first review. Please click the cover image: 

Tuesday, May 31, 2022

Saturday, May 21, 2022

Reliance vs. Shamrock III

Reliance (l) & Shamrock III (r) begin the race for the America's Cup, 1903


Reliance, the American yacht, would win. Please click HERE for a high resolution image.

Friday, May 20, 2022

Professor Hodges' Global Appeal

My good friend and International Authors colleague, Horace Jeffery Hodges recently launched a global appeal to fill the libraries of the world with copies of Emanations, International Authors' somewhat-annual anthology of poetry, fiction, art and essays.

Please click HERE to learn further details of Professor Hodges' initiative.

Professor Hodges in the field.

Tuesday, May 17, 2022

Emanations Volumes I through IX at Kent State University Library Special Collections

Emanations vols. I-IX are now part of the Special Collections archive at the Kent State University Library.

I would like to thank Professor Mack Hassler for sponsoring this acquisition... and for being such a good friend to International Authors!

And thanks also to Professor Cara Gilgenbach, Head, Special Collections & Archives; Acting University Archivist, who does such terrific work with the library, and who kept us informed as the books went into the collection.
Please click HERE to view the list of Emanations at KentLink (Kent Special Collections).
Mack Hassler
Cara Gilgenbach

Friday, May 13, 2022

Highbrow Advice from Bertrand Russell


"I should like to say two things, one intellectual and one moral: The intellectual thing, I should want to say to them, is this: When you are studying any matter, or considering any philosophy, ask yourself only "what are the facts, and what is the truth that the facts bear out?" Never let yourself be diverted, either by what you wish to believe, or by what you think could have beneficial social effects, if it were believed. But look only and solely at: "What are the facts?" That is the intellectual thing that I should wish to say. The moral thing I should wish to say to them is very simple. I should say: Love is wise, hatred is foolish. In this world, which is getting more and more closely interconnected, we have to learn to tolerate each other. We have to learn to put up with the fact, that some people say things that we don't like. We can only live together in that way. And if we are to live together and not to die together, we must learn a kind of charity and a kind of tolerance, which is absolutely vital to the continuation of human life on this planet."

Wednesday, April 20, 2022

Richard Kostelanetz's Avant-Garde Classics: Moby-Dick: the Original Printing

Earlier this month, I posted a statement from Richard Kostelanetz concerning his publishing activities with Archae Editions and Avant-Garde Classics.  Please click HERE for that statement.

I was very fortunate to be involved with the Avant Garde Classics edition of Moby-Dick, which features introductory material from Mr. Kostelanetz, John Rocco, and myself.  Also, the edition includes D.H. Lawrence's influential 1922 essay on the novel.

The Amazon description reads as follows:

Since reprints and revisions of Herman Melville’s Moby-Dick (1951) are readily available, this is the original American printing, whose proofs its author presumably approved. That accounts for why it concludes with the publisher’s full-page advertisements, at once quaint and informative, for Melville’s earlier books. Adding to its status as a classic about a classic, this edition (7” x 10”, large typeface) reprints in its entirety D. H. Lawrence’s extended appreciation (1922) and the shorter entries contributed by John Rocco and Carter Kaplan to Richard Kostelanetz’s Dictionary of the Avant-Gardes (third edition, 2018).

I should underscore that the publisher's many advertisements appearing at the end of the book are a surprising and intriguing feature. Please click the cover image (or click HERE) to visit the Amazon sales page.

Thursday, April 14, 2022

Emanations: When a Planet was a Planet reaches Nigeria

A copy of  Emanations: When a Planet was a Planet has reached poet Ebi Robert in Nigeria. Mr. Robert is a  long-time contributor to Emanations, and his upcoming novel The Creed of the Oracles will be published by International Authors.

Monday, April 4, 2022

Emanations at Space Cowboy Books

Octo-Emanations and Emanations: When a Planet was a Planet are now available at Space Cowboy Books, Joshua Tree, California.

Space Cowboy books will publish a collection of Michael Butterworth's poems, The Complete Poems 1965-2020, due out late 2022.

Sunday, April 3, 2022

Richard Kostelanetz: Publishing Avant-Garde Classics

In the following statement, Richard Kostelanetz describes his Archae Editions and Avant-Garde Classics imprints:

  Richard Kostelanetz: Publishing Avant-Garde Classics


In memory of Dick Higgins (1938-1998),

who understood what alternative publishers had to do


Freedom of the press is limited to those who own one.

                               –A. J. Liebling

I founded Archae Editions a decade ago to make available new books of mine that wouldn’t otherwise be published—of a quality that persuaded me that they would survive me, even with only one enthusiastic reader. I favored Amazon/KDP because its prices could not be beat and then because the company was more likely to survive not only me but its competitors in the new business of on-demand publishing.

Since my purpose was circulation, I usually priced Archae Editions as cheaply as Amazon allowed and then generally purchased three copies­ —two for my own shelves, and one for my monthly Last Sunday bookstore. The exceptions to my low retail costs were Posthumous Books, as I call them, that charged as high as Amazon allowed. I wanted them to exist in a definitive form, though their price would discourage wider circulation until a later date. Since I’ve become crippled without regular assistance, I can rely on Amazon to deliver my books to their customers. With on-demand printing, the costs per copy are the same for one as for many. Thanks to this new “on-demand” way of printing books, nothing need be stored.

Around 2017 I opened my initially personal imprint to “classic” manuscripts that I judged would likewise survive and so published volumes by D. E. Steward, Enzo Minarelli, David Morice, Alberto Vitacchio, Alex Caldiero, and Charles Doria. Recently I decided that their titles belong, beside certain other books of mine, under the imprint of AVANT-GARDE CLASSICS and so commissioned another logo (thanks to Igor Satanovsky) and established a second name with Amazon. Because Amazon prigs have rejected some Archae books (and twice even cancelled all of my Archae books from its listings, only to reverse), I’ve printed several Classics with Barnes&Noble’s on-demand service, which charges roughly 30% more. After giving these authors some gratis copies, I advise them to order additional copies for themselves through me, who gets a cheaper publisher’s price. Please don’t expect enough business or staff to pay royalties soon.

Once I established Avant-Garde Classics, I decided that certain Archae books by me really belonged to this new imprint: my own versions of F. M. Marinetti, Guillaume Apollinaire, and Gustave Flaubert’s Dictionary; and my selections of texts by others, such as Kosti’s (Richard) Foreman, as well as my illustrating Edgar Allan Poe’s Maelstrom with verbal/visual images of my own and, of course, certain titles wholly my own.

The first author initially published under this new imprint was, of course, Gertrude Stein, who remains a modernist idol to me. In addition to reprinting her monumental The Making of Americans, not only at a lower retail price than any competitor but with my long introduction to the more radical Stein texts. From books of hers already in the public domain, I extracted Early Geographies and Early Plays, both with the addition of my long introduction. From later Stein collections I similarly extracted sections that I could cost well below the price of the source book, even if it were previously owned. Again my motive was making avant-garde classics available.

With Ezra Pound, another modernist icon with many books in print, I had to find what was not otherwise available. First I reprinted within a single volume his long appreciations of the visual artist Gaudier-Brzeska and the composer George Anthiel. Secondly, I found that Pound’s early collection of criticism, Instigations (1920), had three kinds of essays scrambled together and so extracted three separate volumes: One about French writers, a second about Chinese and Greek, and a third mostly about those writing in English. I expect to do, within a single volume, several short books of poetry that he published before turning 30.

If only because Guillaume Apollinaire and was born Kostrowitski and known to his buddies as Kostro, I’d already translated certain essays of his, as well as his longer poem Zone. For AGC, I’ve reworked Matthew Josephson’s pioneering century-old translation of Le poète assassiné as The Poet Offed. With an intern who’s a graduae student, I’m working on an edition entirely in French of his Alcools entwined with his Calligrammes; a thicker book with four of his lesser-known titles, again only in French; and a translation into English of La femme assise, which, as far as I can tell, is a Kostro novel ethat has not been translated before.

Since the anarchist Emma Goldman died the exact day I was born (14 May 1940) and her politics remain sympathetic, I composed one book from three longer texts, including My Disillusionment with Russia, and am planning another of her shorter essays. Out of respect for Ambrose Bierce, who was the first writer I treasured on my own (because his books weren’t taught to me), I’ve published a book of his Newspaper Poems and another of choice essays and satires. Years ago, I appropriated Nathanael West’s most radical text into Kosti’s Pep Dream (2013) and so now reprint those pages as an AGC.

I’ve also enhanced the typography of certain favorite high modernist texts, such as T. S. Eliot’s early poems and Wallace Stevens’ “Sunday Morning,” which appears before my redesign of “Casey at the Bat,” to establish through audacious publishing an unfamiliar critical point about two favorite poems. AGC reprints intact the pages of H.  L. Mencken’s Schrimpflexicon (1928), which is avant-garde for containing few words written by him, while this screamingly funny book is still uniquely Mencken. At least two other AGCs have a source I cannot announce, because in certain places they might still be under copyright.

By putting together my modest redesigns of other books not normally found together I was able to make a critical point. The theme of combining Henry David Thoreau’s Civil Disobedience and Mark’s Twain’s Awful German Language is that the greatest American essays can be more solemn and comic. As an appendix to the only complete translation of Ivan Turgenev’s Poems in Prose, I reprint an early translation of the Charles Baudelaire prose poems that inspired Turgenev. The theme of Four Literary Translators is that Kenneth Burke, Ezra Pound, James Gibbons Huneker, and Virginia Woolf all published their personal translations (respectively of Thomas Mann, Rene de Gourmont, Charles Baudelaire, and Fyodor Dostoevsky) that were superseded or discarded. Sprinkled between the pages of my print of John Dos Passos’ Manhattan Transfer (1925) are pages from Frans Masereel’s Die Stadt (also 1925), visual fiction composed from woodcut images, followed by an appendix of poems from the 1920s likewise portraying urban life. a Since H. L. Mencken has sometimes been dubbed anti-Semitic, I reprinted within a single set of covers two early book-length appreciations by the Jewish critics Isaac Goldberg and Benjamin de Casseres.

Respecting my interest in avant-garde cultural magazines, I’ve reprinted in a single large volume the complete runs of two magazines edited by Wyndham Lewis —Blast and Tyro —and in another thick book the complete run of Alfred Jay Nock’s The Freeman, as addition to a slimmer volume with the three American magazines edited by Marcel Duchamp, a fourth with six disparate issues of Emma Goldman’s Mother Earth, and a fifth with the complete De Stijl still in Dutch. (Why translate a magazine whose pages must be seen before they are read.) A much shorter volume incudes the complete contents of the pronto-minimalist Matchbook edited by David Morice. In production are books with the complete run of The Broom and several years of Margaret Anderson’s The Little Review.

Because most of these titles are minimally popular, the AGCs have no visible competition. In those cases where they might be available from antiquariats or other reprinters, I’ve added materials unavailable anywhere else, either with my own prefaces or some supplementary material. To the facsimile of the first American printing of Herman Melville’s Moby-Dick, I’ve added not only my slight preface but longer appreciations by D. H. Lawrence and two professors who’d contributed Melville entries to the third edition of my A Dictionary of the Avant-Gardes (2018). Once a notoriously titled 1926 novel by Carl Van Vechten entered the public domain, I slightly rewrote it to appear as Harlem Heaven, which was the actual subject of the historic book. I had to reprint William Blake: His Philosophy and Symbols by my great teacher S. Foster Damon, still available second-hand at a reasonable price, but now with appendices by Damon himself on how he wrote his masterpiece and then the scholar Morris Eaves on Damon’s achievement.

Another move has been combining one writer’s complimentary texts within a single volume; so that along with poems by the modern American writer Benjamin de Casseres I reprint a prose book by him. While only the fiction of another American writer James Weldon Johnson figured in my M.A. thesis of 1966 (Columbia), I wanted to recognize his other achievements as a poet, reporter, lyricist, anthology, and musicologist and so collected within a single book selections from his work in all these domains. One move that someone should have done before (but didn’t, oddly) was reprinting Yvor Winters’ extraordinary 1928 appreciation of Native American poetry, now along with the two contemporaneous anthologies that he was writing about.

  With certain favorite neglected writers, I reprint two or more earlier books within a single set of covers; so just as Elbert Hubbard’s Notebooks complement his Sketchbooks, I’ve put together in single volumes all three books by Minna Antrim, an American aphorist popular in the early 20th century; five books by the writer/architect Claude Bragdon; and several early books of both poetry and prose by the poet/physician William Carlos Williams.

Another theme of my publishing has been recovering ancient texts that retain avant-garde quality. One example was Meditations on a Divine Name by the Jewish mystic Abraham Abulafia (1240-1291) as prefaced by Enzo Minarelli. In production is a new edition of On the Composition of Images, Signs & Ideas by Giordano Bruno (1548-1600) as translated by Charles Doria and edited by Dick Higgins. (As I write, Amazon is offering only one copy of the 1991 edition for the whopping sum of $449.75.) Michael Peters is presently compiling texts by the American novelist Charles Brockden Brown (1771-1810).

AGC’s co-star has been Charles Doria, my colleague for decades, with examples of his brilliant literary book-art, his translations, his visual/verbal interpretations of texts by others, and much else unusual, all of which, in my judgment, has the quality worthy of an avant-garde classic.

I’m not done yet with books meant to survive. I’d like to reprint some titles that are currently scarce, such as the 1926 “private edition” of T. E. Lawrence’s Seven Pillars of Wisdom, A. L. Gillespie’s Syntactic Structures, Bern Porter’s masterpieces, Frank Kuenstler’s Lens, Loïe Fuller’s memoir of her experience as an American artist in Paris, books by and about the 19th-century American actress/writer Adah Isaacs Menken, Alfred A. Knopf’s anthology of his first years in book publishing, or the self-published retrospectives of the French poet Henri-Martin Barzun who lived for half a century in America. As I own a complete run of the legendary transition literary magazine, I reprinted its 27th number intact, if to test if I could safely do more. I expect to reprint the complete run of Gellet Burgess’s The Lark, which I also happen to own. And rather than printing annual catalogs, AGC will post on Amazon a continually expanding book of just title pages alphabetically organized, Avant-Garde Classics, priced as cheaply as possible, natch.

Because I’ve other work to do, I’m trying to keep this operation simple. That accounts for why I’ve not placed ads, written press releases, or submitted review copies. In my experience, none of these publishing mechanisms have worked at selling my own books (or my getting recognitions in history books) as well as personal recommendations from one reader to another.


                             –Richard Kostelanetz, FarEast BushWick, 1 March 2022


Please click HERE to find Archae Editions and Avant-Garde Classics.

Friday, March 11, 2022

The Fairies’ Midwife

“O, then, I see Queen Mab hath been with you.
She is the fairies’ midwife, and she comes
In shape no bigger than an agate-stone
On the fore-finger of an alderman,
Drawn with a team of little atomies
Athwart men’s noses as they lies asleep;
Her wagon-spokes made of long spinners’ legs,
The cover of the wings of grasshoppers,
The traces of the smallest spider’s web,
The collars of the moonshine’s wat’ry beams,
Her whip of cricket’s bone; the lash of film;
Her waggoner a small grey-coated gnat,
Not half so big as a round little worm
Pricked from the lazy finger of a maid:
Her chariot is an empty hazelnut
Made by the joiner squirrel or old grub,
Time out o’ mind the fairies’ coachmakers.
And in this state she gallops night by night
Through lovers’ brains, and then they dream of love;
O’er courtiers’ knees, that dream on court’sies straight,
O’er lawyers’ fingers, who straight dream on fees,
O’er ladies’ lips, who straight on kisses dream,
Which oft the angry Mab with blisters plagues,
Because their breaths with sweetmeats tainted are:
Sometime she gallops o’er a courtier’s nose,
And then dreams he of smelling out a suit;
And sometime comes she with a tithe-pig’s tail
Tickling a parson’s nose as a’ lies asleep,
Then dreams, he of another benefice:
Sometime she driveth o’er a soldier’s neck,
And then dreams he of cutting foreign throats,
Of breaches, ambuscadoes, Spanish blades,
Of healths five-fathom deep; and then anon
Drums in his ear, at which he starts and wakes,
And being thus frighted swears a prayer or two
And sleeps again. This is that very Mab
That plaits the manes of horses in the night,
And bakes the elflocks in foul sluttish hairs,
Which once untangled, much misfortune bodes:
This is the hag, when maids lie on their backs,
That presses them and learns them first to bear,
Making them women of good carriage:
This is she—”

— Mercutio in Romeo and Juliet, Act I, scene IV

Aubrey Beardsley, ‘Salomé’